Ficus Plant is a common plant, which is predominantly planted in offices and homes. They have a look of a typical tree with its expansive canopy and a single trunk. Despite their impressive popularity, we would like to point out that the ficus plants are excessively in demand. You can get ficus plant bonsai from any reputed nursery. However, the quality of the plant varies from the type of plant that you choose.
About the plant
What you may commonly know of as Ficus is a variant of Ficus, that is, the weeping Fig. Ficus family has a diverse number of species, which we will discuss in the following section. When grown as houseplants, the Ficus is much more compact than the outdoor counterparts. Most of the ficus plants are woody tree-like plants, which have multi or single-stemmed trunks. The good thing about Ficus is that they can maintain their tree-like stature, irrespective of their size. This makes them a great bonsai. Of course, it can also be a fantastic houseplant if you plant them in larger spaces. The leaves of the ficus plant can either be variegated or dark green. Overall, the plant is easy to care for and maintain, especially if you know the drill and do things correctly. The large to medium-sized ornamental plants are incredible for bettering the quality of air in your house.
Types of Ficus Plants
Here is a quick rundown of the different kinds of ficus plants. Please bear in mind this is not an exhaustive list. There are over 900 species of Ficus Plsnts, but these are the most prevalent ones in the house plant options. Let us address them one by one.
Creeping Fig (Ficus pumila)
Also called: Creeping Ficus, Fig Ivy, and Climbing Fig.
The creeping Fig is native to Eastern Asia. It is a beautiful indoor plant and has tiny, lush green leaves. The leaves of the plants have quite a leathery feel to them. One of the most impressive aspects of this plant is its growth rates. The plant can reach up to a length of three to four feet and can be an aesthetic inclusion in the hanging baskets.
To ensure that the Creeping Ficus thrives well, you need to:
- Ensure that the soil is moist but never overwater your plant.
- Ensure that the plant receives adequate sunlight, both direct and indirect.
Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrate)
Also called: Ficus pandurate, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree.
Ficus lyrate is a phenomenal pick when it comes to selecting an excellent indoor plant for your office or living room. The plant is a native to East Africa and has light green leaves with a dark, waxy, and slender foliage. It is an incredibly fashionable plant and grows to a height of five to six feet if you provide it with balanced nurturing conditions indoors.
To ensure that the Ficus lyrate thrives well, you need to:
- Wipe the plant’s leaves on a day-to-day basis. You can use a soft cloth and dust it off to prevent the accumulation of dust.
- Place your houseplant in a sunny spot. The ideal location for Ficus lyrate is an east-facing window.
Rubber Plant (Ficus Elastica)
Also called: Rubber Fig, Rubber Bush.
It is a spectacular indoor plant and is prevalent in the South-east Asian regions. It has oval-shaped, large, and dark-glossy green foliage. The plant has a tall structure, and it grows well. If nurtured well, the plant can grow upwards to a height of six to ten feet.
To ensure that the Ficus elastica thrives well, you need to:
- Place your plant in an area that receives indirect and bright sunlight.
- Wipe off the leaves with a soaked towel to ensure that it is moist.
Weeping Fig (Ficus Benjamina)
Also called: Ficus Tree, Benjamin Fig.
Weeping Fig is a beautiful plant owing to its spectacular tree-like structure, dark glossy-green leaves, pointed ends, and slenderly elongated branches. The plant is native to South-east Asian countries and Australia. It is a beautiful plant and can grow vertically up to three to six feet.
To ensure that theFicus Benjamina thrives well, you need to:
- Prevent frequent location changes.
- Moderately water the plant and strictly avoid overwatering.
Ficus Alii Plant (Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii’)
Also called: Banana-Leaf Ficus, Saber Ficus, Ficus Amstel, Amstel King.
Another alluring indoor plant, the Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii’, has a giant structure. The plant is a native of China and India, and its olive green leaves are narrow and long. This is a tall plant and can quickly grow up to a height of six to eight feet indoors. The plant needs less care as compared to the other counterparts.
To ensure that the Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii’ thrives well, you need to:
- Allow the soil to dry out well before you re-water the plant.
- Prune the plant to curtail the height.
African Fig (Ficus cyathistipula)
Also called: River’s Gift, Ficus rederi, Ficus rhynchocarpa, Ficus nyanzensis, Ficus callescens.
The plant is native to tropical Africa, and it is a tiny and very good-looking plant. The plant has flashy green foliage, along with the dark green rounded leaves. Famous for its air-purification abilities, the plant can enable easy balancing of the humidity in your environment. If you care for the plant well, it can easily grow up to a height of five to six feet indoors.
To ensure that the Ficus cyathistipula thrives well, you need to:
- Do not expose your plant to direct and bright sunlight as that can burn down the leaves.
- Always employ well-drained soil for proper growth. Further, use a pot that has drainage holes to prevent the overwatering of the plant.
Ficus Ginseng (Ficus macrocarpa)
Also called: Laurel Rubber, Laurel Fig, Indian Laurel, Strangling Fig, Curtain Fig.
Ficus macrocarpa is a prevalent indoor plant. It is native to Africa and Asia’s tropical regions, and the plant comes with aerial roots, ginger-shaped fat trunk, and aerial roots. This makes it the perfect bonsai specimen. As it does not grow up to very tall, it is an excellent inclusion in your home. Usually, the plant can grow to a height of one to three feet.
To ensure that theFicus macrocarpa thrives well, you need to:
- Ensure that your plant gets bright but indirect sunlight.
- Prevent the exposure of the plant to sudden variations in temperature.
Bengal Fig (Ficus benghalensis Audrey)
Also called: Audrey, Strangler Fig, Banyan Tree.
Ficus benghalensis Audrey is a ravishing ornamental houseplant. The plant has a leathery touch and olive-shaped leaves. This houseplant is native to Pakistan and India. It can vertically grow up to a height of five to eight feet. It is also a standard inclusion in the home for purifying the air quality of your home.
To ensure that theFicus benghalensis Audrey thrives well, you need to:
- Water the plant only when its topsoil seems dry.
- Expose it to partial sunlight only.
How To Care For Ficus Plants?
For your ficus plant to thrive well, you need to properly care for the plant. Here are a few vital care tips that you need to be aware of:
Use well draining soil.
You need to plant your ficus plant in a well-draining potting mix. We would recommend you to shop for loamy soil, which has perlite or vermiculite added to it. It helps in drainage. If you are unable to find this mix, you can mix it yourself.
How to make well draining potting mix or soil?
Take three parts of the loamy soil, one part of sand, and one part peat. It will give you a great draining mix. You can plant your Ficus in a deep pot, which has drainage holes. This is necessary to prevent overwatering in the plant.
Place in well lit area.
You can place your ficus plant near a window in any room, which receives bright but not sharp sunlight. The plant requires more moderate sunlight during the winter months. Also, please bear in mind; you need to occasionally rotate your plant. It will ensure a consistent growth on all sides.
Water it fully with 1-2 litres of water.
During the summer months, you can water the plant weekly using room-temperature water. Make sure you keep adding water till it drains out from the pot’s bottom. Further, you need to discard extra water if it flows into the container. You need to alter the watering depending on the plant’s requirements. Before you re-water the plant, you need to ensure that the soil is parched. In case the leaves seem yellow or begin to drop; you will have to decrease or increase the water quantity. Keep a constant check on the root ball. When the roots seem soggy, you should water your plant less frequently. On the other hand, if the root appears dry, you can increase the watering frequency. Light and humidity levels that the plant is exposed to directly impact the plant’s water needs.
Prune the bonsai tree every two months.
You need to always make it a point to employ only sterilized tools when pruning your Ficus. Pruning helps maintain the compact size of the bonsai plant. It also helps shape the canopy. You can prune your plant in the early spring or the later winter months, basically any time before the new growth stems. For this, you can use tiny pruning shears. To prune, you can make cuts on the branches right above the branching stem or the leaf node. You will be able to see new growth from beneath the cut. You need to prune the dead branches all-round the year. Keep in mind to make cuts right outside the branch collar. It is vital to ensure that you do not end up damaging the trunk. Yearly pruning is necessary for a fuller canopy.
Fertilize well with NPK rich fertilizer.
You need to fertilize your plant in the active growth period during the summers. Proper fertilization will result in the appearance of new leaves and branches during the growth period. You can employ any general-purpose fertilizer. Make sure it is diluted to 50% of its strength. Also, ensure that you fertilize after every three to four weeks till the active growth period ceases. You do not need fertilizer during the colder months. Also, you can make the most of the summer months to set your plant outdoors. In frost-free months, you need to place your plant under indirect and bright light. Also, you can use Slow Release Smart Bonsai Food
Avoid excessive leaf drop
Ficus is susceptible to environmental changes. They react to these alterations in the environment by depicting lead drops. You will first see the leaves turning yellow, following which they drop off. Whenever you change the location of the ficus plant, you will most certainly experience a leaf drop. Of course, these leaves will grow back once the plant adapts to this new location. In case you do not see the plant re-growing the leaves; you need to put the plant back to its original location. In case the plant depicts leaf drops without having been moved to a new location; it is probably reacting to the lighting changes or the season changes. At times, this may also be an indication of an increase or decrease in the water frequency. Generally speaking, you need to be aware of the plant’s regular habits and make sure you do not deviate them to prevent leaf drop.
As is common with most living plants, the disease susceptibility accelerates if you do not care adequately for your plant. For an indoor plant, several diseases, such as branch dieback or anthracnose, occur with overhead watering. Primarily overhead watering means just getting the leaves wet. For lowering the disease susceptibility, you need to add water directly to the base into the soil. More so, you need to be careful with the soil moisture. Do ensure that it is neither too wet nor too dry. All of this will work well to help you prevent the diseases from killing your plant.
Ficus Plant Bonsai
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Product SKU: FicusPlants01
Product Brand: Abana Homes
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Product Price: 799
Price Valid Until: 2021-12-31
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